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Simply speaking midPoint is a Java web application. It is delivered in a single WAR archive and all that is needed for running it is to use appropriate tool to deploy it to the web container. An external database is usually needed so it also needs to be configured. But that's basically all what you need. This minimal deployment is illustrated in the following diagram.
But the devil is in the detail and there are many alternative configurations that can be used for midPoint deployment. Following sections will provide detailed information about deployment alternatives.
MidPoint needs a database to store its own data. This includes data about users, accounts and links, policies and also a configuration such as resource definitions. Although midPoint comes with an embedded database engine this is not supposed to be used for a production environment. Therefore an external SQL database is usually needed for most midPoint deployments.
Most of midPoint configuration is stored in the database. However for obvious reasons the database configuration needs to be outside the database. It is stored in the
config.xml file in midPoint home directory. The Repository Configuration page describes the configuration of database access.
Connectors are midPoint workhorses. They provide connectivity to target and source systems that are called resources in midPoint terminology. Connectors are usually quite short and simple pieces of code that needs to be "deployed" to midPoint. The deployment is usually just copy of the connector package to the appropriate directory and restarting midPoint. The Connector Deployment page provides all the details.
Connectors are usually written in Java and are distributed as a JAR files. Such connectors may be used inside midPoint by deploying them directly to midPoint instance. This is the usual case. Some of the frequently-used connectors are also bundled directly with midPoint to ease the deployment process. MidPoint has the ability to use several versions of the same connector at once which is useful for slowly testing and rolling out new connector versions. See Connector Upgrade page for more details.
Remote Connector Server
Connectors sometimes need to be placed on different servers than that the midPoint is using. One of the reasons may be that the connector needs platform and/or libraries that are not available from midPoint, e.g. Microsoft proprietary libraries. Other reason might be that the connector needs local access to resources that reside on other servers, e.g. access to local files. Whatever the reason might be there is an option to run connectors over the network. The component that allows that is Remote Connector Server. There are two implementations of Remote Connector Server. One is using Java platform, the second uses .NET Framework.
See Connector Server page for more details.
Java Remote Connector Server
Java Remote Connector Server is using the same kind of connectors as midPoint is using itself. The Java Remote Connector Server is used in situations where a connector needs a local access to some resource. Otherwise is not able to work with it. It is usually used for connectors that require local access to files such as CSVFile Connector. This approach avoids the need to copy the file using FTP or a similar mechanism which is difficult to do in a proper way and it is quite error-prone (e.g. problems with partially downloaded files, error handling, atomicity, etc.) Java Remote Connector Server is also used in situations that require firewall traversal or securing insecure communication protocol.
See Java Connector Server page for more details and for installation instructions.
.NET Remote Connector Server
.NET Remote Connector Server is a Connector Server that runs on Windows machines using the .NET framework. Perhaps the only practical purpose of this connector server is to provide environment for Windows-specific connectors. Connectors such as Legacy Active Directory Connector (.NET) require proprietary libraries that are only available on Microsoft platforms (.NET) and cannot be used from Java. Therefore midPoint cannot use such libraries in a local connector (or remote Java connector for that matter) and a .NET-based remote connector server is required.
See .NET Connector Server page for more details and for installation instructions.
See also here.
TODO: use existing database
TODO: do not deploy midPoint with other complex applications in the same container
TODO: works well in virtual environment
TODO: use Sun Java JDK/JRE
TODO: Tomcat is a recommended container (lightweight, opensource, well tested). Use apache as reverse proxy for flexibility.